Travers Tree Service our goal is to educate and advise
our clients in all arboricultural matters. This section
of the website is provided to describe the terminology
used on our estimates, describe good tree care
practices, and improve arboricultural
- Crown cleaning is the removal
of dead, dying, diseased, crowded, weakly attached,
and low-vigor branches and waterspouts from a tree
- Crown thinning
includes crown cleaning and the selective removal of
branches to increase light penetration and air
movement into the crown.
- Crown reduction is
used to reduce the height and/or spread of a
tree. This is the most artistic, technical,
and time consuming procedure in arboriculture.
- Crown restoration can
improve the structure and appearance of trees that have
been topped or severely pruned. This process
may need to be repeated over many years depending on the condition
of the tree.
- Crown raising removes
lower branches of a tree in order to provide
clearance for buildings, vehicles, pedestrians, and
views. It is important that a tree have a
least one-half of its foliage on branches that
originate in the lower two-thirds of its trunk to
endure a well-formed structure.
- Sometimes called
suckers, waterspouts are upright and numerous
growths that result from improper pruning.
Waterspouts form weakly attached branches that become
a hazard as they grow larger.
- Tree is cut as close
to ground level as possible, leaving the tree stump
in its place.
- Tree stump is ground
down six to eight inches below ground level.
Primarily done for cosmetic reasons, the stump core
will still be in the ground but not visible.
For this reason, planting in the immediate area is
- The tree stump and
large visible roots are completely removed18 to 24
inches below ground level. This removal
process will allow for new planting or construction
in the area.
- The removal of dead
fronds to a 45 degree angle on the trunk (no
shaving, skinning, or sculpting on the trunk
- To carefully shave and
remove all old "thatch work" leaving the
trunk smooth in appearance. Usually a one-time
project. Once this process is completed the
trunk will remain smooth.
Topping vs. Pruning
When a decision is made
to reduce the size of an older tree, it can be topped or
pruned properly. Although the speed and
nature of regrowth will depend on species and local
factors, any comparison of irresponsible topping vs.
competent pruning will be dramatic.
The topped tree is an
ugly stub and a remnant of a once lovely tree. If
pruned properly, size is reduced but form and beauty are
Vigorous waterspouts have
sprung out of the topped tree in large numbers and are
growing with abnormal rapidity. The pruned tree
adds growth more slowly and more normally
In a relatively short
time, the topped tree is as tall and far bushier and
more dangerous than it was to begin with. The
properly pruned tree is safer, more beautiful , and its
size is better controlled.
Tree Care Fundamentals
- Plant the right tree--90% of our tree
removal requests are spawned by inappropriate tree
selection. Let us help you determine the
correct tree for your location.
- Trunk and Branches--Protect from physical
damage (e.g. lawn mowers, weed eaters,
vehicles). Keep water away from the trunk of
the tree. Water allows fungus and other
diseases to attack the tree.
- Roots--Most of a trees roots are within 12
inches of the soil surface and may extend out from
the trunk as far as twice the height of the
tree. With that in mind any construction or
digging in that zone may impact the health of the
tree. Tree roots do not grow well (or at all)
in compacted, oxygen poor soil (e.g. under paved
Tree Care Links
Society of Arboriculture
Contact us for more information at firstname.lastname@example.org
Office: (310) 530-3920
Fax: (310) 534-3020